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EVA alphabet

The EVA alphabet was created by René Zandbergen and Gabriel Landini and is composed of different types of characters

  1. Basic EVA characters which can be used to write the great majority of the manuscript. All basic EVA characters appear at least 10 times in the corpus of the manuscript.
  2. Extended EVA characters are a collection of weird forms, variations, embellishments that occasionally appear in the manuscript
  3. Punctuation characters are used to mark the layout of the text.
  4. Meta codes are used for extra-script coding.

The new EVA hand 1 font (link temporarily unavailable) contains all these and  a few extras including 2 unofficial EVA characters (borrowed from Jacques Guy's Frogguy alphabet), a few "doodles" (most probably embellishments) and the "Dee-like numerals" which resemble the pagination numbers. The idea of using a 'splat' symbol to mark unreadable '*' characters was introduced by Julie Porter.

The extended EVA characters are coded using the format &nnn; in which the nnn is the code number. Alternatively, for display purposes the character can be accessed with the ALT-codes (for example, under Windows, &131; is ALT 0131). Some locations are empty in the ASCII table as they are system reserved characters.

Note that many classical "weirdo" characters (those not represented in the Currier alphabet) can now be represented with basic EVA, while those that cannot are extended EVA. Bitrans tables will be availabe here shortly.

&205; is temporarily empty.

Note! If the EVA font is not installed in your system, the following tables will not display correctly.

Connectivity in EVA

In some cases, one character is connected to the following one. In EVA there are 2 ways to denote connectivity:

  1. Character sequences in curved brackets ( ), with exception of the groups: ch, sh, cfh,ckh, cph, cth and character q which are always connected and no brackets are used.
  2. Capitalised characters.

Note that when using the EVA True Type font, the correct display of the connected characters can only be achieved with the capitalisation rule (introduced by Jacques Guy in his Frogguy alphabet). VTT (by R. Zandbergen) can be used for such conversion.

EVA supports capitalisation for adding connectivity to the right, from the top stroke of the character, with the following additional features:

q also connects to the right (q) when not capitalised,

h (h) and (H) additionally connect to the left, and

E  connects from below (E) (e connecting from top is c)

Character Example EVA Capitalised EVA
a
Ao
(ao)
Ao
c
ch
ch
ch, Ch
e
Ee
(ee)
Ee
f
cFh
cfh 1
cFh 
h
cTHhey
(cthh)ey
cTHhey
i
ITh
(ith)
ITh
k
cKh
ckh 1
cKh 
o
Oy
(oy)
Oy
p
cPh
cph
cPh
q
qo
qo
qo, Qo
s
Sh
sh 1
Sh 
t
cTh
cth 1
cTh 
y
Yk
(yk)
Yk

1 Brackets not used, connectivity is assumed.

Example of folio 1r using the EVA hand 1 font

if you read "Fachys ykal ar..." you do not have the font installed :-(

fachys.ykal.ar.ataiin.Shol.Shory.cThres.y,kor.Sholdy
sory.cKhar.or,y.kair.chtaiin.Shar.are.cThar.cThar,dan
syaiir.Sheky.or.ykaiin.Shod.cThoary.cThes.daraiin.sa
o'oiin.oteey.oteos,roloty.cTh*ar,daiin.otaiin.or.okan
sair,y.chear.cThaiin.cPhar.cFhaiin.   ydaraiShy=

üodar.c'y.Shol.cPhoy.oydar.Sh.s.cFhoaiin.Shodary
yShey.Shody.okchoy.otchol.chocThy.os,chy.dain.chor.kos
daiin.Shos.cFhol.Shody.   dain.os.teody=

ý ydain.cPhesaiin.ol,s.cPhey.ytain.ShoShy.cPhodal,es
okSho.kShoy.otairin.oteol.okan.Shodain.scKhey.daiin
Shoy.cKhey.kodaiin.cPhy.cPhodaiils.cThey.She.oldain,d
dain.oiin.chol.odaiin.chodain.chdy.okain.dan.cThy.kod
daiin.ShcKhey.cKeor.chor.Shey.kol.chol.chol.kor.chal
Sho.chol.Shodan.kShy.kchy.dor.chodaiin.Sho.kchom
ycho.tchey.chokain.Sheo,pShol.dydyd.cThy.daicThy
yto.Shol.She.kodShey.cPhealy.das,ain.dain.cKhyds
dchar.ShcThaiin.okaiir.chey.*chy.étol.cThols.dlocTa
Shok.chor.chey.dain.cKhey.   otol.daiiin=

cPho.Shaiin.Shokcheey.chol.tShodeesy.Shey.pydeey.chy.ro,d*
*doin.chol.dain.cThal.dar.Shear.kaiin.dar.Shey.cThar
cho.*o,kaiin.Shoaiin.okol.daiin.far.cThol.daiin.cTholdar
ycheey.okay.oky.daiin.okchey.kokaiin.**chol.k**chy.dal
d*eeo.Shody.koShey.cThy.ok,chey.keey.keey,dal.chtor
e*eo.chol.chok.choty.chotey.   dchaiin=

VOYNICH ALPHABET TRANSLATIONS

The most commonly used Voynich alphabets are the following:

BENNETT FSG CURRIER FROGGUY EVA SCRIPT
     
'
'
'
     
"
 
"
     
+
 
+
A
A
A
a
a
a
     
c)
b
b
I
I
I
i
i
i
L
E
E
x
l
l
M
M
M
iiv
iin
iin
N
N
N
iv
in
in
O
O
O
o
o
o
C
C
C
c
e
e
P
P
B
qj
p
p
H
H
P
qp
t
t
F
F
V
lj
f
f
K
D
F
lp
k
k
Q
R
R
2
r
r
U
L
D
v
n
n
V
V
 
^
v
v
Y
Y
n 1
n
x
x
Z
2
2
s
s
s
D
4
4
4
q
q
S
8
8
8
d
d
G
G
9
9
y
y
CT
T
S
ct
ch
ch
ET
S
Z
c't
sh
Sh
CPT
PZ
W
cqjt
cph
cPh
CHT
HZ
Q
cqpt
cth
cTh
CFT
FZ
Y
cljt
cfh
cFh
 
DZ
X
clpt
ckh
cKh
 
K
J
ig
m
m
 
IK
K
iig
im
im
 
IIK
L
iiig
iim
iim
 
IIIK
5
iiiig
iiim
iiim
 
6 *
6
cg
g
g
 
7 *
7
&
j
j
     
k
 
 
     
y
 
 
     
z
z
z
 
IE
G
ix
il
il
 
IIE
H
iix
iil
iil
 
IIIE
1
iiix
iiil
iiil
 
IR
T
i2
ir
ir
 
IIR
U
ii2
iir
iir
 
IIIR
0
iii2
iiir
iiir
 
IIIL
3
iiiv
iiin
iiin
 
-
-
   
line end
 
=
#
 
=
para end
 
0
*
 
*
*

In italics are shown combinations which are not original characters for that particular alphabet.

1 "n" is not officially a Currier character

* FSG did not support Currier-6 and -7, but they have been added to the Bitrans tables by the EVMT team to provide better conversion from Currier to FSG alphabets.

 

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Copyright Gabriel Landini, 2004-2014
Comments, questions, suggestions? Your feedback is welcome.
Latest update: 09/06/2014 (RZ changed to standard layout)