This is the "Site Map". It provides some guidance in the use of this this site, and some background information. It includes:
I am not a medievalist, but I am a space scientist. The Voynich MS has interested me since about 1994. (More about that can be read here). After a few years of involvement, it became evident to me that for newcomers to this manuscript there wasn't any good online collection of reference material about it. It took everyone a long time to find out about all the basics, what is known, what is suspected, who are Johannes Marcus Marci and John Dee, etc. As a result, people tended to repeat the same searches that so many others already had. I decided to create this web site in order to collect all this information, with the aim to cure this problem, but it didn't really work out that way. Still, it has grown into a sort of unofficial reference site for the Voynich MS.
Presently, the situation is almost the opposite. There are so many web resources dealing with the Voynich MS that it is very difficult to get a clear overview. I believe that this site is more extensive and more up to date than the Wiki sites, and more organised than the many Voynich MS blogs that have since emerged. Many examples of both types of online resources are listed here. Of course, the many blogs that are availabe nowadays contain a wealth of information and detail that is not included at this site.
The main (but not the only!) mystery about the Voynich MS is what its text says. I don't have any solution for that here. I try to present all information in an objective manner, and I present some of my own more speculative thoughts at the end.
This site consists largely of three parts:
For the main sequence and part of the reference section there is a full Table of Contents.
Following is a summary table of contents for all three parts. Click on any of the coloured bars to go to the relevant page.
|1. General introduction|
|2. Description of the MS|
|3. Origin of the MS|
|4. History of the MS|
|5. History of reseach of the MS|
|6. Analysis of the illustrations|
|7. Analysis of the writing (script)|
|8. Transcription of the text|
|9. Analysis of the text||10. Epilogue (1) - my views||11. Epilogue (2) - towards the solution|
|A. Web resources and references|
|C. Picture galleries|
|D. Site search|
|E. Browse the Voynich MS page by page|
|Additional material (overview)|
In the text, there are many links to other pages at this site or at other (external) sites. Links to external sites are preceded by a double caret: ">>".
Some standard links are included on most pages. For reference material:
|to go to the full Table of Contents|
|to go to the site map (that's this page)|
|to browse the entire MS through a full set of thumbnail images with links to page-by-page descriptions.|
|to search this site for any keyword|
|to go to the picture galleries|
|to go to the bibliography / references / web sites page|
And for navigation purposes:
|to return to the starting point ('Home Page') of this site|
|to go to the start of the main sequence|
|to go to the next page of the main sequence|
|to go to the previous page of the main sequence|
There are a number of additional pages that discuss individual topics in more depth. These are reached by links from the main sequence of the text. These pages are typically reached, and left, using the following icons.
|(followed by a short description): to go to a more detailed treatment of a particular topic|
|to return to the point from where this page was entered (equivalent with the 'BACK' button on the web browser)|
The "TOC", "Start page" and "Site map" links (see above) are usually provided on these pages as well. An additional index page collects links to each of these pages of additional material.
In several places, text of the Voynich MS is represented at this site. Generally, this will be done using the EVA transcription alphabet, which is explained in some detail here. The Voynich MS characters should in principle appear in your browser. You may verify this here: the following line will either appear in the Voynich MS script, or it will say "fachys ykal ar ataiin" (EVA transcription of the start of the Voynich MS).
fachys ykal ar ataiin
In principle, the font should be downloaded automatically (in WOFF or TTF format), but the implementation of that feature on this site is still experimental and it is also not yet supported by all browsers / operating systems. If it doesn't work, it is possible to download the True Type font manually using a link below, and to install it locally.
Similarly, text may be represented using the v101 font designed by Glen Claston. This transcription alphabet and font are explained briefly here. At present, this will most probably only work if you have installed the True Type font: "Voynich 1.01" locally. The following line will let you test this. If it says: "fa19s 9hae ay Akam" you do not have this font installed. You may download it below.
fa19s 9hae ay Akam
Download Eva TTF here
Download v101 TTF here
The Voynich MS is preserved at the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library of Yale University. I am grateful to the Beinecke Library for the publication of a complete set of high-quality, high-resolution digital images of the MS at their web site, and for the many very helpful interactions I have had with many of the Beinecke Library staff.
Many other libraries make available digital images of their materials. I am also grateful to the >> Vatican library, whose images I am regularly referring to at this site. Not being certain about the exact permissions, I am showing only miniature images with links to the images at the original site.
I have used several invaluable printed sources, by D'Imperio, Voynich, Manly, Tiltman, Kahn and Brumbaugh (in rough order of importance), whose publications are listed in the page of references. These were all printed several decades ago.
A significant amount of the 'newer' material presented in these pages originates from people communicating via internet resources since around 1992. Special mention for adding to our knowledge or providing service to this Voynich community I feel is deserved by (alphabetically): G. Claston, J. Gillogly, J. Guy, G. Landini, Ph. Neal, N. Pelling, M. Ponzi, R. Prinke, J. Reeds, R. SantaColoma, D. Scott, J. Stolfi, E. Velinska
Additional acknowledgments for contributions on specific topics may be found on individual pages.
Not all of the material presented at this web site is "mine" (see
Acknowledgement above), however the presentation is.
When using material from this site, you are requested to acknowledge the source and it will be appreciated if you put a link back, either to the home page of this site (http://www.voynich.nu/) or directly to the location you are quoting.
This is not an "official" site of the Voynich MS, in any sense. I am not affiliated with the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, whose web presence can be
and this site does not represent the opinion of the Beinecke library.
The information presented at this web site is a combination of own work or research, and the above-mentioned sources (see Acknowledgement above).
I may have missed some attributions of insights or statements to their originators. For such cases, apologies are offered, and correction promised, in advance.
For people who would like to contact me, I have an account at hotmail (dot com) named my first name (without the accent) dot my family name.
Copyright René Zandbergen, 2016